Saturday, February 8, 2020
Conceptual model - Assignment Example itage: intangibles circle, there are oral traditions and expressions, including language as a vehicle of the intangible cultural heritage; performing arts; social practices, rituals and festive events; knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe; and finally, traditional craftsmanship. In this sense, the concept can be explained that different approaches are required to preserve these intangible heritages and their transmission to the generations to come. The relationship here is that, the tangible cultural buildings display the intangibles alongside the exhibits. However, different from the tangible heritage, which are developed during certain historical periods and are basically static over time, the intangible ones changes consistently as the society interacts with them (Parasuraman, 1985). The training and Legislation for the protection of culture and heritage is part and parcel of both the intangible and tangible cultural heritages. Legislation is the way forward in protecting cultural heritage. Through public awareness and training, governments can set up projects that safeguard the above. It is through the training and awareness of the public that the last circle of economic value and economic value techniques can be recognized. People will share on how to face conservation challenges and exchange ideas on preservation of both heritages of economic benefits (Parasuraman, 1985). In conclusion, valuation of culture is at the center of all the four concepts of the model, having a diversity of culturally-founded values and intentions. Due to the complexity of the facts, it is vital that whichever valuation that is devised, it must be balanced, transparent, and
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Art on Japanese Art History Essay How can the artistic medium one chooses to use to express oneself determine whether or not it is truly art? While digital artistsÃ¢â¬â¢ artistic ability is often questioned and the credit is given to the computer being used, the art itself springs from the mind of the digital artist. I can say this with personal fervor: Digital art is truly in essence a form of art that merely takes advantage of the innovations of modern technology. Digital Art isnÃ¢â¬â¢t computer-generated. While it might involve using tools offered by specialized computer programs a computer doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t do the thinking for you, and the creative ideas put forth are of the artistÃ¢â¬â¢s mind. Digital artistÃ¢â¬â¢s only use computer tools to convey their designs, all of the creative credibility should be given to the artist himself. Should the canvas the Mona Lisa was painted on be considered the creator of the masterpiece or rather Leonardo Da Vinci? Painters that stick to canvas are limiting themselves to the paint they use and the cotton woven fibers of their canvas. Why purposely choose to ignore the modern day tools that are given to you and condescendingly look down upon those who choose to utilize them? Over the years, I have spent a lot of my own time experimenting in the depths of digital art. Many times, I have used the computer as a medium for self expression; from creating to pictures on Microsoft paint as a child to experimenting with specialized software such as Adobe Photoshop. I have a deep and passionate love for creating and expressing myself through artwork on the computer. I one day aspire to have a profession in the field of digital art, such as a Graphic Designer. Because of this, I am very offended by the comments I hear from Ã¢â¬Å"traditional artistsÃ¢â¬ that condescend digital art for its use of the computer as the artistic medium. When I hear comments that degrade digital artwork to computer-generated images, as though the computer itself designed the art I feel enraged and cheated. The other day a friend of mine ignorantly explained to me that she could, given the proper software, create her own masterpiece without any prior experience in digital art, as though anyone if given the proper software could instantaneously create masterpieces, when really there is so much more to digital art than computer software or the computer itself. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s about oneÃ¢â¬â¢s individual artistic talents. To me that would be the equivalent of saying that if I were given a canvas and a paintbrush I could instantaneously create a masterpiece, which I know is false and ignorant. Art is Ã¢â¬Å"the use of skill and imagination in the creation of aesthetic objects, environments, or experiences that can be shared with othersÃ¢â¬ (Britannica). Digital art is a general term for a range of artistic works and practices that use digital technology as an essential part of the creative and/or presentation process. There are many different employment fields in digital art. A couple of examples are graphic design and web design. Graphic design is the process and art of combining text and graphics and communicating an effective message in the design of logos, graphics, brochures, newsletters, posters, signs, and any other type of visual communication. Famous Graphic Designer, Milton Glaser, says Ã¢â¬Å"to design is to communicate clearly by whatever means you can control or master. Ã¢â¬ A graphic designer would meet with his/her clients and discuss the type of visual communication the client is interested in. The client may provide a general idea for the design, but the creative options are left for the designer to decide how to best portray the message of the client. The designer would then either sketch out a design to scan on to the computer for further alterations or go directly to the computer software in order to design the desired product. The designer would then verify with the client for satisfaction of the product. Web Design is the art and process of creating a single Web page or entire Web sites and may involve both the aesthetics and the mechanics of a Web siteÃ¢â¬â¢s operation although primarily it focuses on the look and feel of the Web site the design elements. Ã¢â¬Å"To be effective, the interfaces for online information systems must be as rich and flexible as the physical environments they replace. They must not only supply a direct path to reach the users goals, but must be able to accommodate different approaches to the task. This means that the interface design must not only organize the content for easy access, but must incorporate the right combination of technologies and interaction techniques to allow the user to work in their own styleÃ¢â¬ (Quesenbery). A Web Designer would be sought out by a client in need of assistance in designing a website or website layout, usually for advertising and communicative purposes of the client. Like in Graphic design, the client may provide the designer with a general idea or guideline for the product, however, web designers must understand the dynamics of coding and html. Traditional art is understood to include things such as paintings, sculptures, and hand-drawings; basically any art which involves physical activity, usually of the hands. Famous Traditional Artists include: Leonardo DaVinci, Vincent Van Gough, and Andy Warhol. These artists use drawings and paintings as their forms of self expression which led to their innovative masterpieces: the Mona Lisa, Starry Night, and Pop Art, respectively. Traditional artists often look down upon the usage of the computer as the creative medium utilized when expressing oneself in art. Some believe that using a computer negates the creative ability of the artist and is the less credible form of art. Using computers in order to create art is sometimes seen as the easier method involving little artistic ability. Ã¢â¬Å"For artists diving into a new technology, it is a triple short-cut to mastery: you get a free ride on the novelty of the medium; there are no previous masters to surpass; and after a few weeks, you are the masterÃ¢â¬ (Brand). There is a certain type of beauty in a hand-painted piece of art. The same is true for a masterfully drawn illustration. For this there is no substitute. Traditional art is the oldest form of art and could be considered the foundation of art. Many people consider this form of art to require the highest level of skill and creative ability, and that there is no other type of art form that can surpass it. There are a large number of people that believe this form of art is most vital, and that digital art simply shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be considered art due to the use of technology rather than their hands. Opponents of digital art argue that there is no skill in Ã¢â¬Å"pointing and clickingÃ¢â¬ on a computer screen. Ã¢â¬Å"I would rather choose the painting of a monkey over anything generated electronically, because I am more fascinated by the direct evidence of a mind at work than I am by the output of machinesÃ¢â¬ (Glenn). Because of this belief, there is a good bit of animosity between the two different sects. Traditional artists feel as if they are protecting art in its truest form, whereas digital artists feel as if they are exposing the world to a newer and more advanced form of art infinitely full of possibilities. While traditional art is the older and more revered art form, that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean that digital art is any less of an art. Both art forms require talent, precision, technique, and creativity from the artist. Digital artists are just as legitimate of artists as traditional artists. It is simply ignorant and petty to distinguish digital art as separate from true art in essence. Yes, computers are used as the medium for expression, however, like previously stated, that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean that the computer creates the ideas and designs. The designs and creativity come from the artist and the computer is simply another way to release the idea from the artistÃ¢â¬â¢s mind, similar to a piece of paper or canvas. Digital art should be just as revered as traditional art because the amount of creativity and artistic ability is equal in both forms.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
All men by nature desire to know. An indication of this is the delight we take in our senses; for even apart from their usefulness they are loved for themselves; and above all others the sense of sightÃ¢â¬ . This is the foundation of human knowledge Aristotle presents us with in Book Alpha of the Metaphysics. The next question which we must naturally ask ourselves is, How? How is it that we can have any knowledge at all? We by our very nature desire to know and we love the senses in themselves but what is the relationship between the two and by what faculty are we able to call anything knowledge once sense perception has occurred? Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Aristotle sets up as his faculty for knowledge both the active and the passive intellects. We begin to have knowledge through sense experience. We cannot know without sense experienceand it is from sense experience that all knowledge is therefore generated. Knowledge for Aristotle is a knowledge of universals, that is, a knowledge of Essences. Thought is thus the faculty by which we come to comprehend universals. And since material objects are a composite unity of essence and existence, it naturally follows that we grasp the universal through our encounter with the particular. What follows is a series of events which leads to knowledge. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The passive intellect receives the image from the sense data and it is stamped upon the passive intellect from the material impression. From this stamp the active intellect is to draw out of it and somehow make a universal concept from this particular experience. But there is something more at work here. There is something in the mind ( more specifically in the soul) that somehow comprehends and makes universals intelligible. Various theories have been postulated concerning this but we shall concentrate on Aristotle and leave the other philosophies for now. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã What is at work in man is a divine reason immanent in manÃ¢â¬â¢s soul. Somehow man is connected to and shares in divine reason. A distinction must be made here. We are not saying that the human soulÃ¢â¬â¢s capacity to grasp universals is in some way a maker or shares in the pure act of God, but that without this divine reason at work in the souls of men no understanding of universals could take place at all. The mind works on the material given to it, that is itÃ¢â¬â¢s potential, and from this material it moves to actuality.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Although Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Though (MLM) still serves as the ideology which the PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Republic of China (PRC) adhere to, these socialist doctrines no longer serve inspirational purposes to the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and are viewed as an Ã¢â¬Å"ideological vacuum. Ã¢â¬ ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s attempt to establish a rapid growing economy to support the authority of the Communist regime has contradicted the Communist ideology and has thus created a reverse effect. It is certain that Chinese citizens have grown increasingly apolitical in the current era due to the exposure to market economy and Western influences. This new environment prompts the public to adopt individualism and neglect Communist ideologies such as collectivism. As Deng Xiao Ping and many other scholars blamed the ineffective political education as the major cause of this phenomenon, the assertion remains debatable. CCP now faces a challenge where it has to redefine its political ideology while fitting the socialist regime in the context of Ã¢â¬Å"socialist commodity economy. Ã¢â¬ The CCPÃ¢â¬â¢s attempt to reconcile its capitalist practices with socialist ideal results a dilemma. As uncertainties lay in the future of the Chinese political environment, this paper evaluates the failure of The Communist PartyÃ¢â¬â¢s normative authority, and distinguishes possible alternatives and solutions. One of the main reasons for the failure of the propaganda scheme is that the value which the Party tries to promote grossly contrasted with the actual social condition. While the Party urges the public to embrace the idea of Ã¢â¬Å"collectivism,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"serving the people,Ã¢â¬ it fails to justify how socialist morality is compatible with market competition. Jurgen Habermans has labeled this dilemma as Ã¢â¬Ërationality crisis,Ã¢â¬â¢ caused by the disjunction between current practices and the original ideological tenets upon which the regime was founded. Ã¢â¬ Although CCP recognizes the need for combating moral disorder and launched the Ã¢â¬Å"socialist spiritual civilizationÃ¢â¬ (SSC) campaign in 1997, the accomplishment is diminutive. It is obvious that political education in China is heavily emphasized, where political elements are incorporated in every curriculum, from kindergarten to university. However, the program is ineffective since these principles are not applicable in the social environment. As a result, students see no purpose in these materials except to know them well so they could obtain a decent academic record and remain competitive in the job market. Furthermore, Ã¢â¬Å"even party functionaries no longer take ideological work seriously, and few are interested in this specialty as a career. Ã¢â¬ The character of legitimation crisis has also surfaced besides the presence of rationality crisis. Legitimation crisis is Ã¢â¬Å"a discrepancy between the need for motives declared by the state and the motivation supplied by socio-cultural system. Ã¢â¬ As Ã¢â¬Å"harmonious societyÃ¢â¬ (hexie shehui) and scientific developmentÃ¢â¬ continues to serve as current watchwords for CCP, they appears to be oxymoronic. The concept of harmonious society is drawn upon Confucius values, whereas the concept of scientific development aroused mainly from Deng Xiao Ping Theory, which is an emphasis on economic stability. The rationality and legitimation crisis which CCP now encounters Ã¢â¬Å"can be explained in terms of the antinomy between rationality and reasonableness, or between scientism and moralism. This antinomy seems to be the most visible obstacle and the most controversial policy of Chinese education. Ã¢â¬ Another critical argument for CCPÃ¢â¬â¢s decaying normative authority is the corruption of government officials and therefore creating a devastating effect on the PartyÃ¢â¬â¢s goal on rebuilding moral order. Since the 16th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, more than 100 minster- and provincial-level officials were sentenced for corruption, an unprecedented number, according to statistics released by the Supreme Procuratorate. In 2005, 47,206 officials were disciplined-punished by Chinese supervision agencies. Ã¢â¬ Consequently, the uncontrollable widespread of corruption among government officials brings public to think that education system is hypocritical and therefore, unpersuasive. In a survey conducted in the state enterprises of Shenyang, one of ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s largest industrial cities, 71% of respondents agreed that moral education should be directed primarily at the high- and middle- ranking cadres rather than at ordinary people. Ã¢â¬ In order to overhaul the Communist Ideology, the Party implemented inspirational projects incorporating patriotic education and Confucianism. ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s patriotic education was design for two purposes. One is to combat Western influences and second is to achieve Ã¢â¬Å"unified thinkingÃ¢â¬ (tongyi sixiang). To a certain extent, the program was successful, particularly in Ã¢â¬Å"unified thinking. Ã¢â¬ Although the Party is unable to eliminate all Western influences and the exchange of information, the general public has increasingly learnt to praises and adapt to traditional Chinese culture. The party has utilized Confucianism value by describing Ã¢â¬Å"Confucianism as a positive force that could consolidate the Chinese nation and foster socialist spiritual civilization. Ã¢â¬ Accordingly, most of the Chinese families today follow ConfucianÃ¢â¬â¢s teachings and the value of Confucianism is already deeply rooted in the society. Through the post-1989 Patriotic Education, the regimen has provided ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s new generations with nationalists. In ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s education system, children are taught Ã¢â¬Å"that ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s misery was imposed by Western countries,Ã¢â¬ and acknowledged themselves as nationalists and Ã¢â¬Å"bound to become fenqing. Ã¢â¬ Furthermore, although young generations are no longer interested in the concept of ideology, CCP has little problems finding new members as we can see that during Ã¢â¬Å"the last five years, three-quarters of those who flocked to join were under thirty-five. This is not only a result of patriotism but also joining the Party could provide opportunities and benefits. On the other hand, the increasing population of nationalist does not imply legitimating the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s policy and authorities. Ã¢â¬Å"By placing the party and the center of the official discourse the state-centered view of nationalism restricts the extent to which the Party-state can mobilize nationalist symbolism in support of its leadership and make the Party vulnerable to criticism from more popular conceptions of nationalism. June 4th crackdown and the emergence of Chinese liberalism are the result of nationalism. Besides from implementing propaganda program to strengthen Communist Ideology, new ideas have also formed in the Chinese political platform. Ideas such as Ã¢â¬Å"new left,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"new conservativeÃ¢â¬ or evenÃ¢â¬Å"liberalismÃ¢â¬ are introduced. The New Leftism is in opposition to capitalism and Chinese economic reforms and in favor of the restoration of the Maoist-style socialism. Ã¢â¬Å"New leftistsÃ¢â¬ appeal to social injustice like corruption and the interest of low class people became particular popular in 2009. Furthermore, it addresses the problem of the disparity between rich and poor. The New leftists Ã¢â¬Å"guarantee the welfare of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s 800 million peasants left behind the recent change. Ã¢â¬ Alternatively, if China is to take on the advice of the New Leftist, it would create an enormous wave of withdraws in the form of foreign investments due to the economic uncertainty, which would inevitably destroy ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s new emerging market. And the collapse of the Chinese economy would make it impossible for the Party to provide welfare for the poor. In that sense, the New Left ideas do not generate common interest between the public and the PartyÃ¢â¬â¢s ideology. On the contrary, the Ã¢â¬Å"New ConservativesÃ¢â¬ , or Neo-Conservatives, Ã¢â¬Å"holds that modernization is a gradual process (incrementalism), and that, during this process, traditional values, the existing order and an authoritarian government are necessary to maintain social stability and ensure a successful social transformation. Ã¢â¬ It also distinguishes itself from traditional conservatism by accentuating modern transformation and accelerates economic development. The Neo-Conservatives tries to develop Ã¢â¬Å"a model characterized by economic growth under an authoritarian political order. Ã¢â¬ This hybrid Ideology that retained Marxism-Leninism ideals and DengÃ¢â¬â¢s goal to achieve modernization Ã¢â¬Å"enabled Jiang to legitimize the Party and ensure its survival. Ã¢â¬ Consequently, Jiang has balanced centralism (elements of the Ã¢â¬Å"Mao EraÃ¢â¬ ) and capitalistic-orientated economic policies (which are elements of the Ã¢â¬Å"Deng EraÃ¢â¬ ) and achieve new census. Besides from the ideas that were discussed above, Ã¢â¬Å"liberalismÃ¢â¬ is another concept which has derived from the June 4th incident of 1989. The collapse of Communism in the former Soviet Union and eastern Europe provided an opportunity for Chinese liberals to deeply reflect on the illusion of Ã¢â¬Ësocialist democracy. Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ The Chinese liberals advocate the abandon of one Party rule and call for multi-party elections to increase competition and limiting the power of the government. Ã¢â¬Å"Despite hard suppression of democracy and liberal ideas by the Chinese party-state, and partly due to this suppression, liberalism and the quest for human rights have been on the rise and achieved a level of sophistication in China since the late 1990s. Even though the idea of liberalism is not irrelevant to ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s political future, the system would be impossible to impose under a peaceful transition. Ultimately, China would have to construct a new political stance that ensures government power but also provide economic prosperity. China would have to undergo gradual transition from Communism to Authoritarian Capitalism, for instance the PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Action Party (PAP) in Singapore. Under such political system, there is a large degree of economic freedom but tight control in terms of social freedom. Although there are negative comments on SingaporeÃ¢â¬â¢s authoritarian capitalism, such as ones that were made by Christopher Lingle, his arguments are debatable. He claimed that Ã¢â¬Å"SingaporeÃ¢â¬â¢s authoritarian rule has led to the Ã¢â¬Ëpoliticization of commerce,Ã¢â¬â¢ the distribution of economic and commercial privileges to trusted political supporters, stifling the emergence of home-grown entrepreneurs. Ã¢â¬ On the other hand, statistics has proven him wrong. Singapore is the second most economically free country according to 2011 Index of Economic Freedom. Furthermore, its government spending in terms of GDP is among the lowest in the world (14. 5%), according to information from The World Factbook. And as we can see, the Chinese government is actually taking such transition, and characters of capitalism can be found in increasingly free trade. Several universities claimed Ã¢â¬Å"that great powers like China and Russian, with authoritarian state capitalist regimes could pose a viable rival model. Ã¢â¬
Sunday, January 5, 2020
In and around most large cities in America, the rising substance abuse epidemic has brought about a renewed interested in determining the root cause of substance abuse, the effects of substance abuse on individuals and societies, and the substance abuse treatment modalities that achieve the best outcomes. In reviewing the current research on substance abuse there seems to be no one clear cause of substance abuse disorders, although there is strong evidence that a number of life circumstances may predispose an individual to a substance abuse disorder, as well as a number of protective factors that may reduce an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s risk of developing a substance abuse disorder. One important risk factor that is commonly associated with substanceÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦There are many reasons, in America, that these perceptions about the poor continue to exist, however, researcher have little ability to gather valid data on poverty and its direct relationship to drug abuse. Many sociological studies fail to provide an accurate picture of substance abuse in a society for a number of reasons. In treatment or survey interviews, substance abusing individuals frequently misrepresent or misreport their frequency of use. Those living in poverty are often more transient in their housing than those of middle and upper classes and may, therefore, be excluded from many types of household surveys. Often, statistical information is gathered from treatment facilities; however facilities do not all report into a national database and a large number of addicts never seek services. One final problem with the validity of studies involving substance abuse and poverty is the isolation, in many studies, of one or more drugs. Many researchers have focused on drugs, such as crack-cocaine or heroin and not marijuana or powder cocaine (Jacobson and Ensminger, 2011). While it is difficult to obtain valid data on the actual rate and incidence of substance abuse in poverty r idden communities, researchers have been able to isolate some negative effects of substance abuse and correlate them to socio-economic status. Many studies regardingShow MoreRelatedSubstance Abuse In America Case Study780 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSubstance abuse in America has gone to lengths such as reaching the rural Appalachian culture in West Virginia. Despite the Nationwide crisis and epidemic of 23 million individuals using, misusing and abusing substances West Virginia is currently unable to say that they are safe and that they have not been affected by this epidemic (Carpenter, Mcclellan, Rees, 2016). All types of drugs ranging from medication prescribed substances to street drugs have been reported in just about all areas ofRead MoreEssay about Drugs and Substance Abuse in America658 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesCHILD out of seven would have an alcohol or drug addiction. Substance abuse in America is widely spread, and is definitely getting out of control. The sadness about a sub stance abuser is that they probably never even dreamed of using any type of drug, but when doors are closing they would kill for a way out, even kill themselves. Most drug addictions initiates in the household, and more spikes in teens have been discovered. The main substances that are commonly abused are alcohol and marijuana. MarijuanaRead MoreSubstance Abuse - Social Pandemic1653 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontinues, substance abuse across America has become a very serious social problem. It is mental illness that has an effect on different races, classes and genders. The affects of substance abuse has caused countless of people to feel heartache and develop feelings of hopelessness. With alcohol and drugs readily available through prescription or on the streets (Butler,2010), it is obvious why many are acquiring addictive patterns to these accessible substances, and that the continual abuse of theseRead MoreSubstance Abuse Disorders And The Lgbtq Community Essay1063 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSubstance Abuse Disorders and the effect on LGBTQ+ Adults This paper is to show the shockingly disproportionate number of LGBTQ+ community members with various substance abuse issues compared to heterosexual community members. This paper will briefly go over the history of Substance Abuse and the LGBTQ+ community. It will also show the evidence of risk factors of this population both current and previous, as well as some ideas to implement while working with the LGBT+ population. History SubstanceRead MoreAbstinence vs. Harm Reduction1733 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestraditional illicit substances (opiates, cocaine, cannabis) is currently moving through upbeat times in almost all Western countries. Prohibition on the basis of repressive law enforcement not only seems to fail on a large scale, but also to create vast additional costs, problems, and harm for drug consumers, who often find themselves in extreme social, economic, and health conditionsÃ¢â¬ (Fischer 1995: 389). Western countries struggle with the control of drug abuse. America, for example, has beenRead MoreDrug Policy And Funding Has Not Changed Much Over The Past Two Decades1505 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDrug policy in America has not changed much over the past two decades, but according to Sacco (2014) Ã¢â¬Å"over the last decade, the United States has shifted its stated drug control policy toward a comprehensive approach; one that focuses on prevention, treatment and enforcement (p.1). One approach to this is allotting billions of dollars to the Federal Drug Control Budget. As of 2014, the majority of funding for this budget went into supply reduction (59.9%), demand reduction (40.1%), and domestic lawRead MoreDetrimental Social Problems: Substance Abuse Essays1197 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSubstance abuse is one of the most detrimental social problems found in all societies. It has been the leading cause for generational breakdowns of families and communities, and is probably the most controve rsial social problem when developing corrective solutions. Substance abuse can be defined as the chemical dependence, or pattern of usage of both legal and illegal substances, that has adverse physical, psychological, and psychomotor effects on the human body. The use of substances does not alwaysRead MoreDrug Abuse and the FDA Essay793 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDrug abuse is generally defined as the use of a drug with such frequency that the user has physical or mental harm or it impairs social abilities. Drugs are used as pain killers to avert physical and/or emotional pain by providing the user with a temporary escape from lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s realities. Even though, they cause different, more serious problems with only a short escape from lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s agonies. There are five different classifications (schedules) of drugs in the Controlled Substance Act of 1970.Read MoreDrug Abuse1279 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe use of and abuse of illegal and prescription drugs are a health, social, and law enforcement problem that is affecting Americans across the country. Drug abuse is destroying the lives of many teens and adults and is also destroying families in the United States. The use of drugs is a major problem in the United States among all Americans, but drug addiction is the main cause for America s troubled teens today. Exactly what is a drug? A drug is any chemical that produces a therapeutic or non-therapeuticRead MoreSubstance Abuse First Became A Big Problem996 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSubstance Abuse Section A Substance abuse first became a big problem around the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s throughout the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s. America was discovering one drug after another to help manage their lives better (newsnarconon, 2009). Methaqualone was one of the first drugs that pharmacists were trying to use to take place of Barbiturate drugs (newsnarconon, 2009). The drug Methaqualone was first used to increase sexual activity, but later it was recognized that it did a great job at helping people sleep, which is why
Saturday, December 28, 2019
The War Against Terror and Chinas Treatment of the Uigher Ethnic Minority In the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks on the United States, President George W. Bush reached out to the world to back the U.S. in a war to eradicate terrorism. One of the more surprising participants in this coalition, China, had until that point been at odds with U.S. policy but seemed to find sufficient common ground with the U.S. to support the war. In recent months however, China has not been lauded for unprecedented cooperation with its Ã¢â¬Å"strategic competitorÃ¢â¬ but has instead been criticized for using the war on terror as carte blanche to step up its Ã¢â¬Å"Strike HardÃ¢â¬ campaign in the Uigher Xinjiang Autonomous Region in the northwest, resulting inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Between 1944 and 1949 the Turkic Islamic Republic of Eastern Turkestan was established; this short-lived period of impendence came to an end when the Communist Party formerly incorporated the province into the PRC with the agreement of the leaders of the Eastern Turkestan R epublic. The agreement of the leadership did not, however, quell the movement for independence; a number of political and religious leaders refused to accept Beijing as the legitimate authority over the region. In the midst of the widespread upheaval of the Cultural Revolution, the separatist movement was able to organize into the Eastern Turkestan PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Party, although fear of Red Guard attacks were pervasive and prevented any significant expression of minority or separatist sentiment. The demise of the Maoist era, however, would bring reforms and consequently new justifications and opportunities for expression of separatist sentiment among the Uigher population. Deng XiaopingÃ¢â¬â¢s accession to power brought with it reform and opening policies intended to bring about the modernization and industrialization of China. This brought about serious demands on natural resources such as oil, in which Xinjiang is abundant. The arrival of companies to extract these natural resources brought an influx of Han Chinese and a noticeable distinction between the lifestyles and opportunities
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Drawing Parallels Between Ancient Rome and the U.S. Today. Interview by Steve Inskeep. NPR News. NPR, 22 Nov. 2006. Web. 2 Aug. 2015. In the interview Steve Inskeep, he interviews Mr. Robert Harris over how the roman empire draws a comparison to today American. He goes onto point out several details that move to make his point, and makes some compelling points. While maintaining that he didn t originally intend to make such parallels from Rome to America. While this is a very interesting interview, I plan on using some of what was said. There are parts in here where I question the interview on some of the things he asks. Overall this proves to be a decent source to use. The Editors. U.S. Military Bases and Empire. Monthly Review. N.p., Mar. 2002. Web. 2 Aug. 2015. Covering history of American bases over seas with detail since just after the cold war, it goes into detail over how the Americans were able to take bases overseas and hold them. Once the Americans were able to get their hands on those bases it also goes into detail over what they went through to keep the bases, once they had outlived their original mission as they moved on to the next one. I will likely be using this as I believe it provides a clear and easy to understand nature of the bases, and their affect on American global peacekeeping. Fagan, Garrett G. Lecture 1 Why Study Battles? What Is War? the Ancient World. Great Battles of the Ancient World. The Pennsylvania StateShow MoreRelatedJ.Co Donuts Coffee5440 Words Ã |Ã 22 PagesThere are No Limits to Growth by Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr. Introduction by Helga Zepp-LaRouche Founder of the Club of Life Dear Reader, The Club of Life was founded on Oct. 22, 1982 in Rome, Wiesbaden, and many other cities around the world, and today, a year later, is already an anti-Malthusian mass movement in which many leading politicians, scientists, trade unionists, industry representatives, teachers, jurists, and others collaborate on four continents and in over 30 countries. The idea ofRead MoreLanguage of Advertising20371 Words Ã |Ã 82 Pageswe also know the TV version of this, placed between the programs on certain channels. It is undoubtedly true that advertisements are texts that do their best to get our attention, to make us turn towards them. Ad-phenomenon is extremely multifaceted and multidimensional. Therefore it is not surprising that there is a considerable variety of interpretations of the concepts and definitions of the term. Advertising occupies a border position between the various professional fields and attractsRead MoreNew World Order in Conspiracy Theory13987 Words Ã |Ã 56 Pagestheory. For other uses, seeÃ New World Order (disambiguation). The reverse side of theÃ Great Seal of the United StatesÃ (1776). The Latin phrase novus ordo seclorum, appearing on the reverse side of the Great Seal since 1782 and on the back of theÃ U.S one-dollar billÃ since 1935, means New Order of the Ages and only alludes to the beginning of an era where the United States of America is an independent nation-state, but is often improperly translated by conspiracy theorists as New World OrderRead MoreInternational Management67196 Words Ã |Ã 269 Pagescountries saw their economies stagnate or decline. The global political environment remains volatile and uncertain, with ongoing conflicts in the Middle East and Africa and continuing tensions in Iran, North Korea, Iraq, and Afghanistan, especially as the U.S. role in these latter two countries evolves. On the economic front, failure to conclude important trade agreements, including the so-called Ã¢â¬Å"DevelopmentÃ¢â¬ Round of multilateral trade negotiations under the World Trade Or ganization, and the lagging supportRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. 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I donÃ¢â¬â¢t believe you when you say Martin Luther King Jr. could have been elected president if he hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t been assassinated. Try to discipline yourself to read andRead MoreRyanair Analyses44239 Words Ã |Ã 177 Pages1.1.1. Theory on PorterÃ ´s Five Forces model 126.96.36.199. Theory of Generic Strategies 3.2.2. The Resource-based School 188.8.131.52. Theory on SWOT analysis 16 18 24 20 23 25 27 4. The low fare airline business model 4.1. Introduction 4.2. Differences between the LFA model and the FSA model 4.2.1. The service factor 28 29 29 2 4.2.2. Turnaround times 4.2.3. Homogenous fleet 4.2.4. Point-to-point travel vs hub-and-spoke travel 4.2.5. Higher seat density 4.2.6. Choice of airports 4.2.7. 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